Posts tagged ‘camelia’

JEWISH POKER GAME

 

“Tell him to drop dead!” yells the wife.

 

“I’ll go tell him.” says Goldberg.

Angelina Jolie

Angelina Jolie-RollingStone-2001

Angelina Jolie, Rolling Stone, July 7, 2001Angelina Jolie, Rolling Stone, July 7, 2001Angelina Jolie-RollingStone-2001.07-ph-David LaChapelle-003Angelina Jolie-RollingStone-2001.07-ph-David LaChapelle-002Angelina Jolie-RollingStone-2001.07-ph-David LaChapelle-001 Angelina Jolie-RollingStone-2001.07-ph-David LaChapelle-007

Child Marriages: 39,000 Every Day – More than 140 million girls will marry between 2011 and 2020

Child Marriages: 39,000 Every Day – More than 140 million girls will marry between 2011 and 2020

Joint press release by UNFPA, UNICEF, WHO, UN Women, the United Nations Foundation, World Vision, Girls Not Brides, Every Woman Every Child, World YWCA and The Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health.

NEW YORK, 7 March 2013 – Between 2011 and 2020, more than 140 million girls will become child brides, according to United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA).

If current levels of child marriages hold, 14.2 million girls annually or 39,000 daily will marry too young.

Furthermore, of the 140 million girls who will marry before the age of 18, 50 million will be under the age of 15.

Despite the physical damage and the persistent discrimination to young girls, little progress has been made toward ending the practice of child marriage. In fact, the problem threatens to increase with the expanding youth population in the developing world.

 

Tahani, 8, is seen with her husband Majed, 27, and her former classmate Ghada, 8, and her husband, outside their home in Hajjah, Yemen, 26 July, 2010. Photo Credit: © Stephanie Sinclair/VII/Tooyoungtowed.org

“Child marriage is an appalling violation of human rights and robs girls of their education, health and long-term prospects,” says Babatunde Osotimehin, M.D, Executive Director, UNFPA. “A girl who is married as a child is one whose potential will not be fulfilled. Since many parents and communities also want the very best for their daughters, we must work together and end child marriage.” 

Girls married young are more vulnerable to intimate partner violence and sexual abuse than those who marry later.

“Complications of pregnancy and childbirth are the leading cause of death in young women aged 15-19. Young girls who marry later and delay pregnancy beyond their adolescence have more chances to stay healthier, to better their education and build a better life for themselves and their families,” says Flavia Bustreo, M.D., Assistant Director-General for Family, Women’s and Children’s Health at the World Health Organization. “We have the means at our disposal to work together to stop child marriage.”

On 7 March, a special session of the UN Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) will focus on child marriage. The Governments of Bangladesh, Malawi and Canada will jointly sponsor the session. It is held in support of Every Woman Every Child, a movement spearheaded by U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon that aims to save the lives of 16 million women and children by 2015.

The session will address the problems created by early marriages and ways to prevent them. Mereso Kiluso, a Tanzanian mother of five now in her 20s, who was married at 14 to an abusive man in his 70s, will describe her experience.

If child marriage is not properly addressed, UN Millennium Development Goals 4 & 5 – calling for a two-thirds reduction in the under-five mortality rate and a three-fourths reduction in the maternal deaths by 2015 – will not be met.

Child marriage – defined as marriage before the age of 18 – applies to both boys and girls, but the practice is far more common among young girls.

Child marriage is a global issue but rates vary dramatically, both within and between countries. In both proportions and numbers, most child marriages take place in rural sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.

In South Asia, nearly half of young women and in sub-Saharan Africa more than one third of young women are married by their 18th birthday.

The 10 countries with the highest rates of child marriage are: Niger, 75 per cent; Chad and Central African Republic, 68 per cent; Bangladesh, 66 per cent; Guinea, 63 per cent; Mozambique, 56 per cent; Mali, 55 per cent; Burkina Faso and South Sudan, 52 per cent; and Malawi, 50 per cent.

In terms of absolute numbers, because of the size of its population, India has the most child marriages.

What progress has been made to stop the practice has been in urban areas where families see greater work and education opportunities for young girls.

A violation of the rights of girls

“No girl should be robbed of her childhood, her education and health, and her aspirations. Yet today millions of girls are denied their rights each year when they are married as child brides,” says Michelle Bachelet, M.D., Executive Director of UN Women.

Child marriage is increasingly recognized as a violation of the rights of girls for the following reasons:

  • Effectively ending their education
  • Blocking any opportunity to gain vocational and life skills
  • Exposing them to the risks of too-early pregnancy, child bearing, and motherhood before they are physically and psychologically ready
  • Increasing their risk of intimate partner sexual violence and HIV infection

“Child marriage is a huge problem in poor communities,” says Nyaradzayi Gumbonzvanda, General Secretary of the World YWCA. “Early marriage and child marriage robs the future. Girls lose the opportunity for education. They lose the opportunity to choose their partner and must live with that pain for the rest of their lives.”

The World YWCA will present a petition to CSW urging the group to pass a special resolution calling for an end child marriage. Signatories believe that by working collaboratively, member states and concerned groups can end child marriage by 2030.

Despite the fact that 158 countries have set the legal age for marriage at 18 years, laws are rarely enforced since the practice of marrying young children is upheld by tradition and social norms.

The detrimental effects of early child marriage

“Child marriage is not only wrong, it is dangerous. It exposes a young girl to profound health risks from early pregnancy and difficult childbirth and it exposes her baby to complications of premature birth,” says Anthony Lake, Executive Director of UNICEF.

According to the UN, complications from pregnancy and childbirth are the leading causes of death for girls aged 15-19 years in developing countries. Of the16 million adolescent girls who give birth every year, about 90 per cent are already married. UNICEF estimates some 50,000 die, almost all in low- and middle-income countries. Stillbirths and newborn deaths are 50 per cent higher among mothers under the age of 20 than in women who get pregnant in their 20s.

In many poor countries, most young girls, regardless of age, are forced to demonstrate their fertility once they are married.

“These children, because that’s what they are, are discouraged from using contraceptives or might have to ask their husbands’ permission, or they have no knowledge of or access to what they need,” says Carole Presern, PhD, Executive Director of The Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health and a midwife.

Violence common in child marriages

Loss of girlhood and health problems related to early pregnancy are not the only hazards confronting young brides.

Even though some parents believe early marriage will protect their daughters from sexual violence, the reverse is often true, according to UN studies.

Young girls who marry before the age of 18 have a greater risk of becoming victims of intimate partner violence than those who marry at an older age. This is especially true when the age gap between the child bride and spouse is large.

“Child marriage marks an abrupt and often violent introduction to sexual relations,” says Claudia Garcia Moreno, M.D., of WHO, a leading expert in violence against women. “The young girls are powerless to refuse sex and lack the resources or legal and social support to leave an abusive marriage.”

A complex issue with deep roots

Child marriage, which has existed for centuries, is a complex issue, rooted deeply in gender inequality, tradition and poverty. The practice is most common in rural and impoverished areas, where prospects for girls can be limited. In many cases, parents arrange these marriages and young girls have no choice.

Poor families marry off young daughters to reduce the number of children they need to feed, clothe and educate. In some cultures, a major incentive is the price prospective husbands will pay for young brides.

Social pressures within a community can lead families to wed young children. For example, some cultures believe marrying girls before they reach puberty will bring blessings on families. Some societies believe that early marriage will protect young girls from sexual attacks and violence and see it as a way to insure that their daughter will not become pregnant out of wedlock and bring dishonour to the family.

Too, many families marry their daughters simply because early marriage is the only option they know.

“Many faith leaders and their communities are already working to end child marriage and other forms of violence against children. Changing stubborn behavior is immensely challenging, so we must go further to positively influence beliefs and actions,” says Tim Costello, Chief Executive of World Vision Australia.

Malawi’s work to end child marriage

In Malawi, one of the world’s poorest countries, at least half of young women are married before the age of 18. The country is working to end the practice “to allow the girl child to continue with education, to become a learned citizen who can contribute to the development and economy of the country,” says Ms. Catherine Gotani Hara, Malawi’s Minister of Health.

Another reason for Malawi’s effort is the high teenage pregnancy rate and the fact that teen pregnancies contribute to 20-30 per cent of maternal deaths in the country. “By ending early marriages we can avert up to 30 per cent of maternal deaths and also reduce the neonatal mortality rate,” she says.

The Minister reports that Malawi has taken a number of steps aimed at ending the practice of child marriage. These include:

  • Providing free universal access to primary education;
  • Working with chiefs to sensitize their communities on the importance of sending children to school, with an emphasis on the girl child;
  • Implementing a policy that allows girls who become pregnant during school to go back to school after delivery to continue their education;
  • Working with parliamentarians to raise the age at marriage to 18 years by 2014; and
  • Providing Youth Friendly Health Services. This outreach empowers youths with the information that would enable them to make informed choices about their reproductive health.

UN Millennium Development Goals

Ending child marriage is closely related to UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s Every Woman Every Child initiative and to efforts to reach Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 3, 4 and 5 to promote gender equality, to reduce child mortality and to improve maternal health.

The continued occurrence of child marriage has hindered the achievement of these MDGs, especially in sub-Saharan Africa and south Asia.

“I urge governments, community and religious leaders, civil society, the private sector, and families—especially men and boys—to do their part to let girls be girls, not brides,” says the Secretary-General.

Ending child marriage would also help countries achieve other MDGs aimed at eradicating poverty, achieving universal education and combating HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases, and should also figure within a renewed development agenda.

“The needs of adolescent girls were overlooked in the Millennium Development Goals; they must have a central place in any new goals set by the international community,” said Lakshmi Sundaram, Global Coordinator of Girls Not Brides. “By using the rate of child marriage as an indicator to monitor progress against new goals, we can make sure that governments address the practice and focus on ensuring the welfare of their girls.”

Strategies for ending child marriage recommended to the Commission on the Status of Women include:

  • Supporting and enforcing legislation to increase the minimum age of marriage for girls to 18 years;
  • Providing equal access to quality primary and secondary education for both girls and boys;
  • Mobilizing girls, boys, parents and leaders to change practices that discriminate against girls and to create social, economic, and civic opportunities for girls and young women;
  • Providing girls who are already married with options for schooling, employment and livelihood skills, sexual and reproductive health information and services (including HIV prevention), and offering recourse from violence in the home;
  • Addressing the root causes of child marriage, including poverty, gender inequality and discrimination, the low value placed on girls and violence against girls.

Participants at the special session on child marriage will include: Margaret Mensah-Williams, Deputy Speaker of Parliament, Namibia; Michelle Bachelet, M.D., Executive Director of UN Women; Babatunde Osotimehin, M.D., Executive Director of UNFPA, Lakshmi Sundaram, Global Coordinator of Girls Not Brides; and Tim Costello, CEO, World Vision Australia. Nyaradzayi Gumbonzvanda, General Secretary of the World YWCA, will moderate the session. Comments will be provided by government co-hosts of the event: H.E. Catherine Gotani Hara, Minister of Health of Malawi; H.E. Dr. A. K. Abdul Momen, Permanent Representative to the UN, Bangladesh, and Guillermo Rishchynski, Permanent Representative to the UN, Canada, Carole Presern, Executive Director, The Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health will introduce government representatives.

Contacts:
Fadéla Chaib, WHO: +41 22 791 3228, +41 79 475 5556 (mob); chaibf@who.int
Mandy Kibel, UNFPA: +1 212 297-5293; + 1 917 310-8219 (mob); kibel@unfpa.org
Sarah Crowe, UNICEF: +1 212 326-7206, +1 646 209-1590 (mob); scrowe@unicef.org
Marshall Hoffman, H&H: +1 703 533-3535, +1 703 801 8602 (mob); marshall@hoffmanpr.com
Nils Hoffman, H&H Video: +1 703 967-1490 (mob); nils@hoffmanpr.com

http://www.unwomen.org/2013/03/child-marriages-39000-every-day-more-than-140-million-girls-will-marry-between-2011-and-2020/

Are your makeup brushes made of fur?

Are your makeup brushes made of fur?

 
We all know that cosmetics can be tested on animals, resulting in cruel experiments.
 
But were you also aware that your favourite makeup brushes may contain animal hair and even, would you believe it, fur?

 
 
Here are some facts –
 
  1. Make up brushes can be made of horse hair. This hair comes from horses that are slaughtered first.
  2. Squirrels are also hunted for their hair. This ends up in makeup brushes.
  3. Mink and sable brushes come from these animals that are killed for their fur.
  4. Goat hair is also used. The goats are shorn like sheep, but often the people doing it are paid by the amount of hair they can get and this can lead to goats being sheared so quickly that they sustain cuts, gouges and other injuries.
  5. Brushes made with animal hair and fur, often cause skin irritation. Synthetic materials are kinder to the skin.
  6. There are companies that don’t use animal by-products in their makeup brushes. They include The Body Shop, Urban Decay, Origins Natural Resources and Hard Candy. 
Tip – The more expensive the make up you buy, the more likely that the brush supplied with the product is made of fur.
 

Big GIRLS

A Must Read for You Lazy Wives.

A Must Read for You Lazy Wives.

A young wife, who was becoming frustrated with her hyper active

husband’s constant demands for sex, decides to make a schedule for

him, to cut down on the amount of times that they will have to make

love for the rest of their marriage.

While getting ready for work, she writes on a piece of paper, “Honey,

you know I love you, but your never ending requests for sex are

leaving me drained and really tired. So I propose that we only have

sex on days that start with the letter ‘T’, to
minimise the frequency

of our lovemaking sessions. Don’t be mad at me honey, just understand

where I am coming from, and let me know if my request is too demanding

of you.”

On her way out the door, she uses a refrigerator magnet and sticks the

note to the fridge door.

Upon returning home, she glances at the refrigerator and notices that

her note has been replaced with a note from her husband that reads,

“Baby, I didn’t’
realise that I was putting you under so much

pressure

and I’m sorry.

I accept your proposal and have even taken the extra step of listing

at the bottom of this letter, those days starting with the letter ‘T’

to make sure that we are on the same page.

1. TUESDAY

2. THURSDAY

3. TODAY

4. TOMORROW

I love you too, and remember it’s still TODAY, I am waiting for you

upstairs.”

The Trial of a Mother Who Killed Her Children Brings Lots of Issues to the Table?

Motherhood and Mental Health: Should Mothers Be Evaluated?

The Trial of a Mother Who Killed Her Children Brings Lots of Issues to the Table?

Jan 22, 2007
 
Recently, the trial of a mother of 3 has thrown many topics back in the spotlight. In October 2005, LaShaun Harris from San Francisco, California pleaded not guilty by insanity for throwing her 3 children into San Francisco Bay where they all died. LaShaun’s mother had once warned a social worker that her daughter would hurt her children and the social worker did not believe her. This brings topics such as the child services system, mental health and motherhood, and the question of should someone have noticed that these children were in danger before this tragic event happened?LaShaun’s children were ages 6, 2, and 16 months and she described in her interview that they all struggled as they were stripped of their clothing and thrown over into the water, except for the youngest. He laughed as though it was a game. How could a mother do this to her children? I think that questionable parents should not be allowed to leave the hospital until they have had a mental evaluation. You get a drug test, and STD test, and many others ,so why not test ones mental health as well? We all know that motherhood changes your personality and many other aspects of your life. We have all been there. Walking the floor at three in the morning with a screaming newborn asking ourselves “What did I do to deserve this?”. However, when a mother has a prior mental health condition, her brain may not be able the stresses of being a mother. Using LaShaun as an example again, she was placed in psychiatric hospitals six times between February 2004 and August 2005. She was obviously not a mentally healthy person but yet she was allowed to continue caring for her children ,even when she could not take care of herself. She also had been diagnosed as schizophrenia and was borderline mentally retarded.

Post-partum depression is another highly debated topic that can apply here. Woman who give birth are at risk of suffering post-partum regardless of their mental health history. If it goes untreated, it may just go away on it’s own or it may get worse. Child Services was involved at one point with the mother. LeShaun’s mother actually warned the social worker that her daughter would hurt her children and the social worker did not believe her. When any claim of a parent or guardian possibly causing harm to a child is made, it should be thoroughly investigated. This past year Child Services has come under heavy fire for not keeping track of foster children and not following up on claims. This needs to be addressed by America and we should demand it be changed.

LeShaun “thought” that she was sending her children to heaven. Perhaps this was not her fault directly, but a few other people’s fault as well. Regardless, these children are still dead. Maybe a mental health test prior to her taking these children home may have saved their lives. What is your take on the subject?